ISRO then came into a structure to attain its mission to provide the Nation with space-based services and to develop the technologies to achieve its mission independently. Throughout the years, ISRO has been achieving its mission, and in the process, it has become the 6th largest space agency in the world. ISRO has till now launched 90 spacecraft missions (including 2 Nano satellites), 63 launch missions (including Scram jet – TD and RLV – TD), 9 student satellites, 2 re-entry missions and 209 Foreign satellites of 28 countries.
ISRO maintains one of the largest fleet of communication satellites (Indian National Satellite System – INSAT) and remote sensing (Indian Remote Sensing – IRS), which is helpful in giving fast and reliable information. To achieve complete self-reliance, it was essential to develop cost-effective and reliable launch systems which shaped up in the form of Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV). Later, in order to address more heavier and demanding launches Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) was developed.
- GSLV MK-II:
- SOUNDING ROCKETS:
- GSLV MK III:
- SCRAM JET ENGINE-TD:
What is GSLV MK III, GSAT-19 all about?
What is the reason for launching this satellite?
How this will be useful for India?
Reasons for GSAT-19 launch & Impact in India
- The new features which are used in GSAT-19 are being tested by launching, which will become an intrinsic part of the systems on future missions and many new technologies.
- The batteries we have used in the satellite are of Lithium-ion batteries, these batteries have been made so that India’s self-reliance quotient can increase. And similar batteries can be used in cars and other electrical vehicles.
- Important experiment to understand how to make space-based components more radiation resistant.
- Internet services may not be unleashed immediately but what the country is putting together is a capability in place which is important specially to connect places that are literally off the fibre optic internet backbone. For example, New Delhi just can’t rely on optical fibres, copper-based telephony and mobile cellular services as alternative.
- This will not have transponders, and instead it will beam data using multiple frequency beams. According to experts, this feature will also let the satellite beam more data to the ISRO.