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Friday, January 15, 2021

Is Artificial Intelligence a Threat or a Benefit?

Anything that groups as forecast, we people should let AI do in light of the fact that it will show improvement over us. Computer-based intelligence will improve us since it will empower us to invest more energy on things we're in reality acceptable at. Today, Artificial Intelligence areas, for example, Machine learning are drawing in scholarly interest as well as multi-billion dollar speculations from corporates and governments that in itself remains as a confirmation that AI insurgency is genuine. 

Man-made intelligence calculations outperformed human execution in item identification in 2016, beat the world's best Jeopardy, Chess, Go and a few Atari game players by 2016, accomplished human-level exhibitions in language and discourse interpretation in 2017 and accomplished very human exhibitions in skin and prostate disease arrangement in 2018. Also, oneself driving vehicles. Simulated intelligence papers on Scopus have expanded 7-overlap since 1996 contrasted with a 5-overlay increment when all is said in done software engineering papers. Neural organization papers had an accumulate yearly development rate (CAGR) of 37% from 2014 to 2017Seems like everyone: governments, corporates, scholastics and even people are putting forth attempts to create and get profited by the AI innovations.



ADVANTAGES

  • Reducing Human Intensive Labor, all day, everyday Availability

Machines don't need incessant breaks and rewards like people do. It could be customized to work extended periods and might have the option to manage the work constantly without getting exhausted, occupied or even drained. Utilizing machines, we can likewise expect similar sort of results paying little heed to times, seasons, etc, the ones we can't anticipate from people. 

  • Reduction of Error

The benefit of utilizing Artificial Intelligence is that it causes us lessen mistakes and increment the odds of accomplishing more prominent exactness with a more noteworthy level of accuracy. It very well may be applied in different circumstances, including the cycle called space investigation. this way savvy robots are taken care of with data because of the speed of information creation. This kind of data sent to investigate space. Despite the fact that those are machines with metal bodies, those are the most grounded in nature, in addition to it has an incredible character that can help us regard the space and unfriendly environment. Consequently, they made and adjusted. It can't be changed unwittingly or it can't be deformed or broken in a threatening climate. In this situation, we can't disregard anything, by overseeing it we should confront this issue with a productive arrangement, for example, Artificial Intelligence.

Conclusion
Believe it or not but the world today cannot be thought without AI due to its increases population. Every organization, be it MNC’s or Government need to analyze the huge amount of data and form strategies based on them so that they can be the best one. And analyzing so large data and giving humans the best possible answer to a problem cannot be thought without AI.
World runs on data today! It is the new oil of the modern world.


DISADVANTAGES

“By far, the greatest danger of Artificial Intelligence is that people conclude too early that they understand it.”

-Eliezer Yudkowsky

We hear lots of trends and business plans revolving around this term ‘ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE’ through different Business articles, in tech-related blogs and so on. We also observed lots of positive impacts and approaches of these technologies in various industries, through our academics, guest lectures and Case studies. As we have discussed some advantages of Artificial Intelligence above in our article. It’s time to discuss the points, on the other side of the coin too.
Just like Newton’s Third law of Forces, AI systems to generate some kinds of negative impacts on the firms and the industry, which will be discussed right below:
 

  • As the system gets more advanced and complex, their costs of maintenance and repairs also get complicated eventually. AI hardware needs lots of synchronized repairs and maintenance for every given period of time. Firms which employ these systems must also update, both software and hardware to meet their regular requirements. Thereby, increasing the overall investments of the firm on the system. For example, ACCENTURE’s researcher states, ‘Most business investments are approved based on predicted returns; however, estimating future returns for AI projects can be challenging’ in their article.
  • Artificial Intelligence systems generate lots of unemployment to lots of human workforces, as digital systems are much accurate and sophisticated compared to human counterparts. Even thou new jobs for maintaining these systems will be created, lots of less-skilled workforces will be at stake.
  • Continuing the above point, Firms now have to invest and also train their new workforce, on how to maintain and control these new AI systems efficiently. By the way, other complicated terms and technologies like Artificial Neural Networking, Machine learning  work as parts of this complex AI system, to predict and evaluate a decision accurately.
  • Even thou AI systems are well accurate enough to finish the job, they must be trained well by inputting different Datasets of the past records (for analysis) in order to take good accurate decision by the system. The accuracy of the system is always proportional to the time taken and the number of datasets inputted to the system, for its training.
  • Following the above notation, unlike human intelligence, machines of any complexity cannot evaluate their mistakes on their own. These systems can only generate good decisions, by evaluating different parameters of the given REAL-TIME data i.e. by comparing training datasets with real-time data in order to generate an accurate valid decision. Human intelligence intervention is well needed when any non-accurate decision is been made by the system.
  • Not all systems are designed the same! The complexity of an AI system will vary depending on the respective industry, domain, the system is being used for. The more, the complexity of the system. The more investments, the firm must invest in it. The basic flowchart of Artificial Intelligence systems varies depending on the system’s complexity.





 

 

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